The Philosophy of Science



 Philosophy of Science Department


By looking at the works of the contemporary scientists one sees all kinds of philosophies hidden in their work. But the most apparent philosophy in much of the contemporary scientific work is empiricism and the denial of metaphysics. Furthermore, whereas scientists of the earlier centuries paid attention to the philosophical implications of their work, many of the contemporary scientists consider philosophical thought to be a waste of time and consider only empirical knowledge to be worthy of consideration. Because of the dominance of this mentality, a student in the scientific fields thinks that our scientific knowledge is based only on experimentation and is free of any metaphysical element. Today many of the scientific investigators pay attention only to their specific fields and have lost the idea of having a unified view on their pieces of knowledge. This is due to their lack of knowledge about the limits of empirical knowledge and the important role of philosophy in their scientific investigations.
To remedy this problem, it is important that the students following various fields of scientific knowledge to become aware of the limits of scientific knowledge and the relevance of philosophy to science.
In recent years, Western universities have become aware of the short -sightedness of their graduates and have included some courses in humanities for the students of science and engineering and have established departments of the philosophy of science, To begin with, they started these departments at the graduate level, but recently they have established departments of the philosophy of science even at the undergraduate level. For example, King’s College, in London, recently started a program at the undergraduate level, in which 8 or 9 courses in either physics or chemistry is taught with 2-3 courses in the philosophy of science . Similarly, Columbia University, in New York, started a graduate program on the philosophical foundations of physics, several years ago.
If Western countries have started enriching their graduates’ knowledge, it is necessary for us, as followers of Islam with its emphasis on getting deep knowledge of God’s creation, to extend the knowledge of our graduates beyond a superficial level and to familiarize them with the metaphysical aspects of their knowledge.
Our program for the Master’s degree and doctoral degree in the philosophy of science was established for the purpose of accomplishing this goal.
Master’s Program in the Philosophy of Science
The aim of this program is:
• To deepen the knowledge of those students following various fields of science and to clarify the logical-philosophical problems they encounter in these fields.
• To prepare the students for the doctoral program in this field.
• Training of researchers who could do research on the logical-philosophical aspects of experimental knowledge.
• Training of teachers for teaching philosophy of science and history of science in the universities and research institutes.
This program started in 1374(1975) at Sharif University of Technology. It is a 2.5 years program and includes 32 unites.
Doctoral Program in the Philosophy of Science
This group started doctoral program in the second semester of the academic year 1386-1387. The admission of students took place through extensive written and oral examinations. Students with an MS degree in any field of knowledge could be admitted, provided they passed our entrance examination satisfactorily. The group has a good library and provides internet services to its faculty and students.

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